Saturday, 24 June 2017

Pick One That is Utility-specific

An important material or part of a sprinkler system is the sprinkler heads. This knowledge comes in handy for people who have houses with giant lawns, or also those who get sprinklers installed as a fire safety precaution.

Description



Installing the right sprinkler system is extremely essential for lawn care. A lawn needs a proper watering and irrigation system for good health and to stay fresh, green, and alive. Manual watering of a lawn is not an easy task, and neither does it ensure an even distribution of water.

A sprinkler head is a device that is attached at the end of a hose or water pipe, and evenly distributes water to a certain distance. It is small in size with a circular shaped top, and surrounded by a set of thin blades or fins arranged in a circular design. The main purpose of sprinklers is to change https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KhxCu6cQBMs the steady stream of http://paradiselawnslubbock.com/ water, and discharge it in a circular motion and curved shape from the sprinkler system, so that it reaches the desired distance and spreads evenly without any human intervention.

Types



Sprinkler heads are not only used in lawn sprinkler systems, but also in fire suppression systems. Although the applications are different in both cases, the basic purpose is to distribute the water without any manual or human intervention.



For the Lawn

Rotor Heads: These are used in large and open areas as they rotate very wide. The distance that the spray of water covers is called 'throw', and the spray range can be adjusted according https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KhxCu6cQBMs to the require ment.

Pop Up Rotor Heads: Pop up sprinklers are ones where a lower and wider portion is put into the ground. Here, the upper portion rises above the ground, and the spray of water is discharged when the sprinkler is activated. These are apt for open lawns, sidewalks, and curbs.

Spray Heads: Spray heads are quite common and are ideal for small lawns and shrubs. This is because their throw or spray range remains at a fixed radius, which allows target watering.

Another type is called bubbler, which sprays the water downwards, so that it waters only the roots without wetting the foliage.

Fire Sprinklers



Fire sprinkler systems are not only used in industrial and commercial establishments, but also in domestic properties to protect the inhabitants, valuable things, and the building from any potential breakout of fire.

ESFR Sprinklers: ESFR stands for Early Suppression Fast Response. These are designed to fight fire in no time and prevent it from getting out of control. The buildings that contain combustible material, or the places where such material is produced, are where ESFR sprinklers would be the most appropriate option.

Suppression Sprinklers: Suppression sprinkler heads spray a finer stream of water, that directly targets a highly combustible material and suppresses the fire.

Low Pressure Heads: These are specially designed for large buildings and skyscrapers that suffer from low water pressure, making the other types ineffective.

Control Mode Sprinklers: These can be fixed in individual rooms or specific areas. They are very commonly used. They spray water on and also surround the fire-affected area with water, preventing secondary fires from starting.



Others types of sprinklers include decorator sprinklers, extended coverage sprinklers, residential, and water mist sprinklers.

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/sprinkler-heads-types.html

Gardening | Buzzle.com

Difference Between Hay and Straw

Difference between hay and straw

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How to Find a Good Tree Care Service: Factors to Consider

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Wow-worthy Ideas for Sma ll Gardens



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Tips to Grow And Care for Blue Star Creepers



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Here's How to Grow a Garden That You'll Be Proud Of



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Important Tips to Follow for Growing Huckleberries

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Simple Plans to Make Raised Garden Beds



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Wonderful Garden Decor Ideas You'll Want to Steal



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Monday, 19 June 2017

Home builders beating back fire sprinkler laws

HARTFORD, Conn. - Nearly three dozen states have rejected the idea of requiring sprinkler systems in homes by enacting legislation or rules that prohibit mandatory installation.



Home builders, still reeling from the recession, say requiring sprinklers would add to their costs. They have found allies in state legislatures and rule-making bodies that have turned aside arguments by fire safety officials that requiring sprinklers in homes save lives.

The National Association of Home Builders has not taken a position on state action banni ng mandatory fire sprinklers in homes, said program manager Steve Orlowski, but the group has argued that installing residential sprinklers should be up to homeowners.

Either through legislation or code, 34 states have prohibited mandatory residential fire sprinklers, Orlowski said. Only two states -- California and Maryland -- have adopted codes requiring installation of home sprinklers, he said.

In other states, sprinkler legislation died or is pending until next year, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures.

Connecticut, for example, is deferring action until next year. A measure requiring automatic fire extinguishing systems in one- and two-family homes failed to make it to a vote in the Public Safety and Security Committee.

Sen. Anthony Guglielmo, the committee's ranking Republican senator, said legislators did not have enough information about the cost to builders and municipalities that would enforce the law. Legislators will tak e up the issue next year only after hearing the recommendations of officials and others brought together by the state Department of Public Safety, he said.

The International Code Council, an organization of building inspectors, fire officials and others who set building standards, recommended in 2009 that states and municipalities adopt codes requiring sprinkler systems in homes and townhouses less than three stories high. The regulations took effect Jan. 1.

The National Fire Protection Association has said sprinklers will particularly help young children, the elderly and the disabled by giving them time to escape burning homes.

Opponents of requiring sprinklers cite their cost -- and subsequent impact on home prices -- and voters' dissatisfaction with government mandates.

In Missouri, lawmakers extended for eight years rules that require builders to offer sprinklers but do not mandate them.

"Our main concern, in this housing market, is that the re quirement for mandatory fire sprinklers could cost $7,000 to $15,000 per home," said Missouri state Sen. Eric Schmitt, Republican chairman of the Jobs, Economic Development and Local Government Committee. "In this market, it's very difficult to justify."

In New Hampshire, Gov. John Lynch tried to vetoed legislation that prohibited local planning boards from requiring sprinkler systems in homes as a condition of approval for local permits. The decision about whether to require fire sprinklers should remain a local one, Lynch said.

Legislators overrode the veto.

Sen. John S. Barnes, Republican chairman of the Public Municipal Affairs Committee, said the override vote was https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irrigation_sprinkler not easy because he typically favors local control. But he does not believe any government body should be ordering homeowners to install fire sprinklers.

"If I buy or build a house, I think I should decide whether I put in a sprinkler system," he said.

John A. Viniello, president of the National Fire Sprinkler Association, said the process by which codes are approved is flawed. Codes regulating wiring, construction and other facets of home construction are informed by expert advice from industry and others, he said.

But when legislatures have a role in the process, codes too often are modified or scuttled, he said.

"Once the politicians get involved, it's over," he said.



http://www.foxnews.com/us/2011/06/29/home-builders-beating-back-fire-sprinkler-laws.html

Saturday, 17 June 2017

'Jackson Pollock' found in Arizona garage could fetch $15 million

A mystery painting found in a cluttered Arizona garage -- and believed to be the work of Jackson Pollock -- may fetch $15 million at auction next week, it was reported Tuesday.

The painting belonged to the estate of a Sun City retiree who was related to a New York City art collector, thePhoenix New Timesreports.

It goes up for auction next Tuesday at J. Levine Auction & Appraisal in Scottsdale.



"I'm convinced it's a Jackson Pollock, but nobody will attest that it's by Jackson Pollock," Levine told the news weekly.

The p ainting could easily fetch millions more if authenticated.

A foundation connected to Pollock's widow no longer authenticates the abstract expressionist's works.

WARREN BUFFETT CHARITY LUNCH SOLD TO HIGHEST BIDDER

What's more, there have been many high-profile disputes in the past over the authenticity of Pollock paintings, according to thePrescott Daily Courier.

Levine said he hired private investigators and forensic experts to establish that the painting is a Pollock original, the paper reported Monday.

REYNOLDS, FISHER COLLECTIBLES HIT AUCTION BLOCK

"Based on their work and findings, I believe this painting was one of Pollock's missing gouaches in his catalogue raisonn or from the period of 1945 to 1949," he said.

The painting which measures 22 by 32 inches is being href="http://cnspainters.com/">http://cnspainters.com/ sold "as is."

Levine told the New Times the painting has visible damage caused by m oisture, heat and smoke.



The Associated Press contributed to this report.

http://www.foxnews.com/us/2017/06/13/jackson-pollock-found-in-arizona-garage-could-fetch-15-million.html

Friday, 16 June 2017

California farmers offer to voluntarily cut water use

Last Updated May 20, 2015 4:18 PM EDT

SACRAMENTO, Calif. -- As a record drought deepens in California, the state's water board director says he'll decide by Friday whether to accept an offer from a group of farmers to give up a fourth of their available water.

The concession by farmers in the Sacramento and San Joaquin river delta could be one of the most important yet forced by California's record four-year drought.

In exchange, they want guarantees that the state won't restrict the remaining 75 percent of the water they have had rights to for more than a century.

Water Resources Control Board Director Tom Howard told The Associated Press on Wednesday that whatever he decides will apply to the entire basin of the Sacramento River, which supplies most of the surface water in the food-producing Central Valley.

Under the deal expected to be presented to state officials Wednesday, farmers would either take less river water for irrigation or leave a qua rter of their crops unplanted. If the state accepts the deal, Delta water managers say it may become a model for farmers throughout California, who also are facing curtailments.

It is difficult to predict how many farmers will participate, said attorney Jennifer Spaletta, who represents several Delta https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5UqSm2OQEnw growers, but those who do would be able to plan their crops earlier in http://www.sergioslandscaping.net/ the season with more certainty.

"From a business standpoint, it makes a lot of sense to do our part and to help in the emergency," Spaletta said. "At this point, obviously we're in an absolute drought emergency."

Gov. Jerry Brown has ordered communities throughout the state to reduce water use by 25 percent. State water officials have encouraged water users htt ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5UqSm2OQEnw to propose conservation measures, drawing the proposal from farmers.

Brown has been criticized for leaving farmers out of tightening regulations that force communities throughout the state to cut back on their water use. But this is the second consecutive year that junior water-rights holders have received orders to stop pumping river water to irrigate their crops.



Those making the proposal are so-called riparian water rights holders, who have the oldest and most secure access to California rivers. The h arsh drought has caused state officials to say they may start ordering even these rights holders to stop taking water.

A coalition of Delta farmers and officials for the State Water Resources Control Board continue to work out the details and Spelatta said officials have responded positively to the proposal.

Delta farmers with the most senior water rights dispute the state can force them to stop irrigating their crops from California rivers, said John Herrick, manager of the South Delta Water Agency, who called this proposal a "safe harbor." He said that it would likely be adopted beyond the Delta by water users in the San Joaquin and Sacramento River watersheds.

Thomas Howard, executive director of the state water board, would ultimately rule on whether to approve the deal.



Michael George, who works for the state water board as the Delta Water Master, s aid that the proposal is a classic example of risk assessment by the farmers proposing the voluntary cutbacks.

"It is my personal opinion that a certain 25 percent reduction is a reasonable trade-off for regulatory uncertainty," George said. "Nobody benefits if uncertainty persists."

2015 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/california-farmers-offer-to-voluntarily-cut-water-use/

California water: End of the LA lawn (Opinion)

"We're so used to Southern California having these beautiful, lush lawns and palm trees and seasonal flowers," she told me by phone from Culver City, a suburb of Los Angeles, where she is general manager at a landscaping business called A Greener Tomorrow. But now, because of the drought and new water regulations, "I'm telling you, all I see is Arizona and Las Vegas."

"Who's going to be willing to pay?" she said. "You can't maintain a lawn!"

The idea of Los Angeles -- much less Bel Air and Beverly Hills -- ripping out its water-sucking lawns and oh-so-thirsty flowers is indeed a shock, especially if installing and maintaining those lawns is your livelihood. But consider the context: California is in an extreme drought. Snowpack in the state, one measure of how much water will be available this summer, is at an all-time low, at just 5% of normal. Rivers are running dry, as I found last summer on a three-week trip down the San Joaquin. With no water at the surface, farme rs are turning below the ground, pumping out groundwater at such an alarming rate that the land actually is sinking. In some places, that's happening at the truly astounding rate of almost 1 foot per year.

I see where Uribe's coming from. The 35-year-old loves the colorful, landscaped version of Los Angeles. And she fears a drab, monochromatic future -- a blah city, all dirt and rocks.

But this is a crisis. And the California lawn is a reasonable casualty.



I applaud Gov. Jerry Brown's recent push to require all cities and towns to cut their water use by 25%. To help local entities with the new mandate, the state plans to support the replacement of 50 million square feet of lawns with drought-tolerant plants (otherwise known as "cash for grass"), create a rebate system so residents will get help replacing water-hogging appliances with more efficient models, require golf courses to cut water use, and ban watering the grass found on public street medians, among other provisions.

The total savings, according to the governor's office, will be 1.5 million acre feet of water over nine months. For context, 1 million acre feet is said by environmental groups to be as much http://www.acehardware.com/category/index.jsp?categoryId=2602623 water as 2 million families would need in a year.The state's focus on lawns makes sense given that grass and other landscaping account for up to 50% of all urban water use, said Ellen Hanak, a senior fellow at the Public Policy Institute of California. "It's nice for us to have trees and landscapes, but we could do that with half of the water," she said. "It's not like it's going to mean the end https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kjreVlmEbis of our economy or the end of our way of life."

If anything, the requirements don't go far enough.

Each year, California uses 6 million more acre feet of water "than our rivers and aquifers can sustainably provide," according to a 2014 report from the Pacific Institute and the Natural Resources Defense Council. Those groups found 14 million acre feet of water per year could be saved if a number of changes were made to the way cities and farms operate. Among the recommendations: More-efficient farming techniques, including drip irrigation and "smart irrigation scheduling," which waters crops exactly when and where they need it.

So Brown's plan won't fix California's water woes.



But it's an important start.

Next, the state should direct its focus to farms, which consume 80% of all human-used water in California and generate only 2% of the state's gross domestic product. It's reasonable, if politically tricky, for the state to focus more attention on the industry that https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kjreVlmEbis consumes more water than any other. California can create a water budget that allows farms, people and fish to thrive.Much water can be saved with newer technologies, without forcing farmers to give up the land they use to grow crops, said Heather Cooley, water program director at the Pacific Institute.

She praised Brown's order as "a very positive step forward."

"California is facing a drought of epic proportions, and we need to work together to reduce the use of water so there's sufficient water for cities, for farms and for ecosystems," she told me. "We need to be preparing not only for this drought but for the next one."

And that's the crux of it.

This California drought has been extreme. But in the future, as the climate continues to warm, Cooley and others say the state likely will see more hot, dry years like this.

They won't seem so abnormal, sadly.

All the more reason it's good for California to deal with its grass problem pronto.

If it's smart, it can do so without looking like the Arizona desert.

http://www.cnn.com/2015/04/02/opinions/sutter-california-water/index.html

Thursday, 15 June 2017

Landscape Paper-101 - InfoBarrel

Use landscape-paper where you want to kill weeds. Cover the landscape-paper with mulch; the paper rots down after a year, allowing you to hoe the ground to keep those weeds under control.

Some weeds need light to germinate, to start growing. All plants need light to keep growing. Even perennial, deep-rooted weeds like dock weed will exhaust their stored food supply and die if they Sprinkler System Arlington cannot photosynthesise because light is excluded.

Mulch does a good job of excluding any light; it also stops wind blown seeds from reaching the ground and rooting. Mulch however will not stop deep-rooted weeds from growing through it.

The mulch needs something underneath if it is to have any chance of stopping dock weed or dandelions. Weed control fabric is designed to do that job. It does so very well, but weed control fabric allows wind blown seeds to http://www.homeadvisor.com/cost/landscape/ put roots down, through it, to the soil. These weeds cannot then Sprinkler System Installation be removed by hoeing, because the fabric stops the hoe cutting off the weed just below ground level.

landscape-paper is a new, lower cost, alternative to weed control fabric.

You roll out the landscape-paper onto your vegetable or flower garden. You cut 3 inch diameter holes in it and plant your annuals, cabbages and onions through the holes. Cover the landscape-paper with mulch and you have an attractive looking and totally weed-free vegetable garden or annual border.

landscape-paper comes in rolls 3 feet wide and 25 feet long. It is a pale brown color and it is biodegradable. The paper only lasts one season, but its low cost means that replacing it next season is no big deal.

For those who are growing organically landscape-paper is certified as suitabl e for growing organic vegetables because it contains no bleach or artificial additives.

If landscape-paper is not available where you live there are similar alternatives you might consider using.

Woodchip wallpaper is the first alternative, low cost, non-bleached paper with splinters stuck in it. It will cover the ground in exactly the same way and rot down into the soil after a year. Wallpaper rolls are only about 2 feet wide though, so by the time you have done more overlapping than with the wider landscape-paper your savings will be minimal.

The paper underlay designed for underneath carpets might be a better alternative. It has no splinters in it and it is usually 6 feet wide, meaning less is wasted through overlaps.

Sheets of newspaper will also do the same job of separating mulch from soil, but these will not stop deep-rooted weeds in the same way as the others will. Use color printed newspaper if you want them to rot down more slowly.





You can also use newspaper sheets where you are laying turf. Just put the newspaper down on top of the raked soil. Weigh them down with stones and leave them for a month. Most of the weeds will have died by the end of the month and you can just roll the turf out on top of the newspaper.

http://www.infobarrel.com/Landscape_Paper-101